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Control, Biology, Identification of Armadillos

Control Measures   Armadillo Control Summary         

Armadillo Information          Armadillo Damage    Armadillo Control Products

Armadillo Information

Control Measures, Armadillo Damage        Armadillo Control Summary

An Armadillo can cause tremendous damage to cultivated areas such as your manicured lawn, golf courses.  This damage is due to this mammal's diet of grubs, insects and other small invertebrates.  While hunting for food, an Armadillo can wreak havoc on turf, digging small to medium holes in numerous locations.  While there are many people who are fascinated with the Armadillo and its habits, those who spend many long hours cultivating a nice lawn do not appreciate their grassy front yard resembling a mine field!
These armored mammals can also cause great damage to ornamental and fruit trees.  The burrows (which can run up to 25 feet long) often disturb and damage the root systems of trees and shrubs.  This burrowing activity also damages concrete slabs, creating air pockets beneath the concrete that weakens (and many times cracks) the foundation of homes and other buildings.
Homes built off-grade (including mobile homes) are not immune to Armadillo damage.  Their tunnels help create water run-off problems and often cause flooding beneath homes.

Elimination of Nuisance Armadillos  

There are several wildlife control measures that can be used in the elimination of nuisance Armadillos: elimination of food source, trapping, shooting, repelling.
Every situation is different and each State may have laws which limit you to control measures you are allowed to take in your area.  While one method is great for one person, another might want or need another control measure or combination of more than one method of elimination.  The most widely accepted and used method of controlling these burrowing pests is trapping.
Armadillo Control Summary

Shooting is a controversial subject and one that we will not discuss in this article.  Check with your local, state and county before using this pest elimination method.

Most people will first try eliminating the insects or grubs in their lawn as their first step in ridding themselves of destructive Armadillos.  In certain areas of the Southeast United States, the presence of Armadillos coincides with molecricket infestations in lawns and grassy areas.  If Armadillos are digging in your lawn because you have molecricket problems, go to molecricket elimination.
The pest control product giving the best results for molecrickets (and other lawn pests) is Talstar.  Available in granular and liquid concentrate forms, Talstar granules are the most popular.
If your Armadillo pest is feeding primarily on grubs or worms you should use Permethrin Pro or Merit Systemic Insecticide GranulesGrubs and worms are generally much deeper in the soil than other lawn pests.  While Talstar is very popular in Florida and other Gulf Coast regions where water tables are high and underground water contamination is a serious issue (Talstar is less likely to leech than other pesticides,) Talstar is not known to give a good kill for the deeper dwelling grubs and worms.  Permethrin Pro is more likely to penetrate to the areas where the Armadillo's food source is located and will kill many lawn pests: molecrickets, chinch bugs, ants and others.  Merit Systemic Granules cost a little more than grub control granules found in home improvement stores but its high content of active ingredients will give the season long control needed for white grubs.
Eliminating the food source of the Armadillo may take several applications, so be patient and persistent.  After its food source disappears, the animal's burrowing may actually increase for a day or so until it realizes it must move on to other areas.  Remember that the Armadillo is not among the smarter animals in the world; it may take a few days for it to decide it needs another foraging ground.

In severe cases, a stubborn Armadillo might need a little help in leaving your lawn or golf course.  If this is your situation, follow up your pesticide application with a good repellent or combination of repellents.  The best results have been achieved by making two applications of Permethrin (about 10 days between applications) and applying your repellent 5 days following your second Permethrin Pro treatment.

The use of repellents is an attractive alternative animal control method for many people, for various reasons:

  • Repellents are safer for your children and pets.
  • They can be used in a wide range of locations such as gardens, flower beds, playgrounds -- areas where we would be hesitant to use contact insecticides.
  • In stubborn mole, vole and armadillo infestations, using a combination of insecticide and repellent is often necessary.

There are two types of products preferred by our customers for use in ridding their lawns and gardens of nuisance burrowing wildlife: castor oil spray and all natural granular repellents.
For those who do not wish to use an insecticide, liquid and granular repellents should be used as a "one-two" punch.  First, spray the affected area with castor oil.  Your next step is to broadcast a granular repellent over the same area.  To complete the operation, lightly water the treated area.

Some animals are easier to deter than others and can sometimes be eliminated with only one or two applications of an animal repellent.  Armadillos are among the most stubborn of these lawn pests and might take several applications of a repellent or a combination of insecticide and repellent.

Armadillos can be difficult to repel.  Be prepared to make a second application in 10 days if the animals' activity has not stopped.

Armadillo Control Summary

Armadillos can be controlled by:

Pesticide Application -- Spray lawn with Permethrin Pro; apply product with hose-end sprayer.  You will need 1 ounces Permethrin Pro concentrate per 1,000 square feet of lawn.  Repeat application should be made two weeks later.

Combining Pesticide Application with Repellents -- Make two applications of Permethrin Pro (2 weeks apart); wait 5 days; apply your repellents.
[Combine Pesticide Application with Applying Repellents]

Trapping -- Use the Safeguard Raccoon Trap to remove unwanted Armadillos from lawns, gardens, orchards, golf courses and other areas.  Bait your trap with overripe fruit (such as apples or bananas,) earthworms held in thin netting or panty hose materials.  These traps are more effective when "wings" are added to direct the Armadillo into the trap (see illustration below).  Set the traps in the area where the damage is occurring, for example, around the house, in the flower garden, or in the vegetable garden.  The trap can be used to capture and relocate armadillos, raccoons, stray cats and other small to medium animals.  However, the wire mesh is too large to hold rats.  For rats and squirrels, use the live rat trap.
Animal Control, Animal Traps: ArmadilloBack to Armadillo, Animal Control Summary




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