Rodent Baits for Mice, Small Rodents
Mouse baits work the same as rat baits but baiting for these small rodents calls for different forms and different placements of the rodenticide.
Most rodenticides such as Talon, Maki, Generation or Fastrac are labeled for use when eliminating mice and rats. All of the baits mentioned (except for Fastrac) are anticoagulant materials that simply thin a mammals blood to lethal levels.
Mouse Bait Formulations
Rodenticides are generally available in the following forms: solid block,
mini block, pellets, seed, meal and liquid. Most of the baits being used
today are in the form of pellets, blocks or mini blocks. Both block forms
and pellets can be used to kill mice and both forms are attractive to mice.
Placement of Mouse Baits
A mouse can live out its entire life in a very small area. Mice have even been known to nest, live and breed in the large sack of grain in which it was born. This, however is not always the case but it does go to show that baiting for mice can involve the use of more bait placements. The number of bait placements is higher than when dealing with rat populations but the amount of bait per placement can be greatly reduced.
During its daily activities, a mouse normally travels an area averaging 10 to 30 feet in diameter, seldom traveling further than this to obtain food or water. Mice constantly explore and learn about their environment, memorizing the locations of pathways, obstacles, food and water, shelter and other elements in their domain. They quickly detect new objects in their environment, but they do not fear novel objects as do rats. This behavior should be remembered if faced with a large population of mice in a residential, industrial or agricultural setting. Proper placements of mouse bait is a must if you are to have a successful baiting program.
Great care should be taken when baiting for mice. A mouse will
sometimes try to hoard food, including your rodent bait. If, while
transporting the bait from your placement to its nest, the mouse is alarmed or
startled in any way the mouse can easily drop the bait it is carrying.
This dropped bait now becomes a hazard to children, pets and can also be dropped
into food that is being prepared. Any business that uses guard dogs on
premises should take the animals' safety into consideration when choosing mouse
baits, bait stations and location of bait placements.